Here is a link to the UK Resuscitation guidelines for dealing with a casualty with suspected Coronavirus
Coronavirus is spread through droplet infection from someone, breathing, spitting or coughing. Viruses may also be present on the face and hands of the casualty. It is very likely that a casualty who is struggling to breath or having a cardiac arrest and who is infected with Covid-19 will pose a risk of infection to the first aider. This does not mean we do nothing but we carry out an assessment as part of our DR ABC approach, D is for danger. We just need to make a few changes so we get help for the casualty as quickly as possible whilst protecting ourselves and other people around us.
- Assume the casualty may have Covid -19
Instead of putting your ear close to the casualty’s mouth and nose to hear for breathing, from a safe distnace look across the body and check for signs of breathing from the chest and tummy. Do this for 10 seconds to establish the breathing rate or no breathing.
- Call 999
If you can’t see any signs of breathing, ring 999. If you suspect the casualty has Covid-19 let emergency services know
- Do not delay hands-only CPR
The sooner we start CPR and get an AED the greater the chance of our casualty surviving. Carry out compressions only CPR or preform breaths using a face shield if you have one available
- Get an AED – ASAP!
Start CPR, perform compressions only and call for an AED and get this set up as quickly as possible
- Continue until help arrives
Keep performing chest compressions and follow instructions on the AED. Swap over first aiders every 2 minutes to keep CPR rhythmical, deep and fast, continue until the paramedics advise you to stop.